After his conquest of Kalinga (Orissa) in about 260 b.c., he was so affected by the massacre that occurred that he resolved thereafter to refrain from violence, and he took the vows of a lay Buddhist.
Much is known of Aśoka’s reign from his own inscriptions, which have been found in widely distant parts of his kingdom (See aśoka ii).
After that Buddhism crossed the Indian borders and the domain of Buddha preachers stretched to Kashmir and Qandehar and Kabul from the Indian northwestern borders. In a book written by Alexander Polyhistor 80 or 60 years before the birth of Christ he speaks about Buddhism, its relation with Iran and specially Balkh and gives detailed account about Shamans in Balkh. In the same manner that the Iranian scholars contributed greatly to the propagation of Islam after its birth, many centuries before Islam they propagated Buddhism in the eastern part of the Persian empire and wrote many books about it.
Later on the religion spread to the Jeyhoon Sea and greater Khorassan and Balkh and Bukhara and eventually to the Persian empire. What we can gather from Chinese textbooks proves that the propagation of Buddhism in that country 67 years before the birth of Christ was due to the exertions of Parsi missionaries and monks.
It did not take a long time by the Iranian Buddhist converts to build a magnificent temple in Balkh and many of these temples flourished until the thirteenth century A. One can even see the name of a Parthian prince called An Shi Kao among these missionaries who is said to have been a learned prince and skilled in many branches of science and industry.
This Parthian prince was very keen to learn the language and religious books of other nations and after the death of his father, depressed with the life of mortals in a passing world, bestowed the crown to his uncle and sought seclusion and mental contemplation. he arrived in Luing, the capital of China, and preached the Buddhism religion until 170 A. During this time he wrote a book on Buddhism principles and translated the sacred Buddhism books into Chinese language.
Under the constitution, Christian and Jewish beliefs as well as Zoroastrianism are recognized beside Islam, the official religion of the country.
The law, however, says that, in general, the rights of all non-Muslims should be observed.Unanimity was never attained, and the Buddhist community divided into increasingly more numerous sects.That Buddhism did not remain a minor sect despite these internal dissensions may be due largely to the patronage extended to the religion by the famous Indian emperor Aśoka, who acceded to the throne in about 268 b.c.as the result of the teaching of the historical Buddha Śākyamuni, who died about 483 b.c.During the years after his death his followers were active in establishing the canonical scriptures and the religious rules for daily life among Buddhist communities. Selector .selector_input_interaction .selector_input. Selector .selector_input_interaction .selector_spinner.